In the TEI/XML shell file, all text will be in
<ab> tags within the
<body> tag. You must move the the text of the front matter out of the
<body> and into the <front> (between the
</front> tags). The front matter consists of anything that comes before the beginning of the first chapter/poem/act/etc., for example: title page, table of contents, dedication, epigraph, preface, advertisement, etc. Front Matter will contain two main TEI elements:
The most common element used in front matter is <titlePage>. The
<titlePage> element is used to wrap other elements that describe the text such as title, author, and publisher.
The element that can be nested in
Two tags enclose a book's title, <docTitle> and <titlePart>. The
<docTitle> surrounds the entire title. The
<titlePart> surrounds a portion of the title, and uses an type attribute with a value of either 'main' or 'sub' to demarcate main title and subtitles.
A <byline> is the portion of the title page that shows who the book is by. The entire byline, including any additional information given about the author on the title page, is enclosed in this tag. The name of the book's author is marked up using the
Often times, the book will give information about the edition on the title page. For instance, new revised edition, or second edition. This information is marked up using the <docEdition> tag.
Any information about the features of that edition of the book, for instance, information listed on the title page about the number of illustrations or maps in a book, or regarding the dedication of the book, also goes in a <docEdition> tag. Statements of copyright and "all rights reserved" are also listed in <docEdition> tags.
Note: Dedications listed on a page that is separate from the title page are not handled using the
<docEdition> tag. Please see the separate Dedications section listed below.
<docImprint> is used to include any information on the recto or verso of the title page that designates publication information. This tag is used to mark up place of publication, publisher's name, etc., as in the following example.
Epigraphs are lines of text, either by the author or from another author, placed outside the main body of the text marked up using the <epigraph> element. When using the epigraph element making sure to use the
<bibl> elements as in the following example.
Imprimaturs are formal declarations that the book has been approved by a governing body for printing. They are much more common in the 16th and 17th century, but occasionally show up in early 20th and late 19th-century books, particularly around the time of WWI. Imprimaturs are marked up using the <imprimatur> tag.
Sometimes there is front matter that cannot be marked up using a specific TEI tag. In such a case, you use a <div> element with a type attribute to properly capture the meaning of the part of the text.
There are several type values for <div> that may appear in the front matter:
Other likely types are:
- verso (the back of the title page)
- illustrations (table of illustrations)
- characters (table of characters)
If none of these options are appropriate, do not include a type in the <div> tag
Half-Titles: Partial Title Pages Before the Title Page
Any title information that comes before the title page is called a half-title. Half-titles will generally include a short version of the title of the book, and will sometimes include author information or a series title. On rare occasions, they will include publication information. The half-title page should be marked up as follows:
Fly-Titles: Partial Title Pages After the Title Page
Any title information that comes after the title page is called a fly-title. Like half-titles, fly-titles will generally include a short version of the title of the book, and will sometimes include author information, a series title, or publication information, and should be marked up as follows:
Frontispieces: Images that Face the Title Page.
Frontispieces are placed in a
<div> with the attribute type="frontis". The
<figure> tag is then used to indicate there is an image in this section of the text, and the
<p> is used to encode the caption of the figure, if there is one. Only the caption of the image will be included in the encoding. The graphic will not be included in the document. The encoding of the frontis will look like the following example.
Sometimes a statement appears on its own page, either in the front or back matter, indicating some information about the printer or print history. In these cases, use a division type of "docImprint" and encode following the example below.
Prefaces are placed in a
<div> with the attribute type="preface". The text is marked up like standard prose, with the signed tag for any signature at the bottom. The signature distinguishes a preface from the more generic introduction.
Oftentimes, these books of this period include writing before the beginning of the main text. In such a case, the text is placed in its own
<div> tag with the attribute type="introduction". The rest of the text is then marked up in the same way as other prose or verse.
Dedications sometimes appear in the front matter and should be encoded in a division, attribute type="dedication":
Acknowledgments sometimes appear in the front or back matter and shoud be encoded in a division, attribute type="acknowledgment." On occasion, like in the example below, the title for that section is misleading. In this example, the section labeled "ADVERTISEMENT" is in fact an acknowledgment.
To see an example of an acknowledgment, visit: http://purl.dlib.indiana.edu/iudl/vwwp/VAB7020.
Other Information in the Front Matter
There is sometimes writing that occurs before the the body of the text that we do not consider to be a preface or introduction. This information will be marked up using a
<div> element with the attribute type="intro_text". The passage is then marked up like standard prose, as in the following example.
Tables of Contents and Illustrations
Tables of contents and lists of illustrations are marked up using a
<div> element with attribute type="contents" or type="illustrations". The rest of these table of contents is marked up just like a list (see list section) with
ref tags to facilitate linking to the start of the page. This is done by referencing the corresponding page break's ID (e.g.,
<pb xml:id="VAB1978-005"/>. The VAB part of the ID represents the bibliographic entity (the book) and the 3 digit ending number is the sequential (not printed) ordering of the pages.
For more information about how to link the table of contents items to their corresponding sections of the text, see the linking section.
Errata is a list of corrections for mistakes found in that particular edition and can be either front or back matter of a text. Errata is marked up using a <note> element which will contain a list of the mistakes in the edition. The list of errors is marked up like other lists (see list section for more info), as the following example shows.
Epigraphs that do not appear in the Title Page or half-title, should be marked up using a
<div> element with the attribute type="epigraph". Inside the division, the passage should be marked up just like an epigraph (see epigraph section for more details), as in the example that follows.
Advertisements and Publisher's Catalog
Occassionally the front matter may contain an advertisment or a publisher's catalog. Follow the instructions located in the back matter section of these guidelines.
If a part of the back matter that you are trying to encode does not fit one of the above described features, document the problem in the VWWP Encoding Problems page. Alternatively, you may want to first check the Back Matter documentation as sometimes content identified as occuring usually in the back matter could appear in the front.