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In order to run a large repository (more than 100k Fedora Objects) while using the ResourceIndex, you must have a 64-bit version of Java running on a 64-bit OS.


In addition to the documentation on the Fedora site, Richard Green has written a very practical tutorial for new Fedora users.

Rhyme setup

Our development machine is, aka Its core stats are: Dual CPU 3GHz each, 6G RAM, 420G usable disk space.


Since Fedora isn't very tolerant of losing its database connection, there is a cron job to stop it before the database is shutdown for backups, and another cron job to start it afterwards.

To start Fedora on Rhyme

  1. Login to your rhyme account
  2. Login to the Fedora account: su - fedora
  3. Type in password (same as the Fedora administrator password)
  4. Ensure that Fedora is not running: fedora-stop
  5. Start Fedora: fedora-start oracle
  6. Log out

Thalia setup

Our production machine is, aka It has 16G of RAM and four dual core processors.


The script has been modified to increase the available Java heap space (-Xmx4096m). Likewise, the JAVA_OPTS variable has been set to increase the Java heap for the "helper" Tomcat.

Upgrading Fedora

The Fedora "migration guides" typically tell you to back up your data before upgrading. While this is a useful practice, it isn't always practical.


Windows note: A similar process can be followed on Windows, but (since Windows doesn't support symlinks) it is easier to specify a FEDORA_DEV directory, and copy the various versions of the code into there.

Fedora 2.1 setup

We are using the default security setting ssl-authenticate-apim. This gives us basic SSL encryption for administrative tasks, but leaves the server open (no authentication) for basic access tasks. For this setting (and the parallel non-SSL setting) the doMediateDatastreams parameter must be set to false. For SSL to work correctly, the fedoraRedirectPort must be open on the machine.


  • If you want to connect through SSL, make sure you use the https protocol and the redirect port (usually 9443).
  • If you're starting from a blank repository and ingesting items from elsewhere, you must first ingest:
    • bdefs
    • bmechs
    • All "util:*" objects

Fedora 2.0 setup

Fedora 2.0 is much easier to set up than 2.1. The official installation instructions should be adequate.

However, you MUST INSTALL the patch available at (the attacments are near the top of the page, and they download with a CGI extension that must be changed to the correct filetype)

Current test setup (on mallow)

Must fedora-convert-demos to put correct hostname in demo objects.


No Format
  mckoi-stop username password

Log files

The log files output by fedora only include useful information when they are set to the "finest" level, but this level creates incredibly large logs.

We will currently treat all Fedora-generated logs as disposable, being only useful for debugging. When we want to track "real" use, we will have to route everything through the Apache/Tomcat connnector. Fedora 2.2 should include more organized logging output, and we may switch to that system when it is available.

General notes

Fedora runs on its own (modified?) instance of Tomcat. It is currently not advisable to run anything besides Fedora on this version of Tomcat, because it has been tune to give some performance enhancements for Fedora use. Be very carful when selecting ports so they don't conflict with another Tomcat that may be running on the same machine. If you change the port on which Fedora runs, it will automatically reconfigure the Fedora Tomcat, since this is really the service that's running on that port. Certain types of changes to the Tomcat config are overwritten by Fedora, so it is unlikely that we could use this copy of Tomcat for anything else.


When making a change to an XSL file, there is no simple way to reset the cache, unless the behavior mechanism explicitly uses the clear-stylesheet-cache option. The only thing you can do is restart Fedora (which restarts Tomcat).

Fedora bug reporting

Bugs can be reported to Fedora's Bugzilla
user: fedora-bugreport at
pass: bugreport

Data storage

The XML records that represent Fedora objects are stored in Fedora's objects directory (fedora2_0_objects by default). Underneath this directory, they are organized by a crazy date/time directory structure. Even though they don't have an XML extension, the files are really XML.


If we want to convert from Managed to External content, we can just purge and re-create the datastreams. Of course, this would lose any version information.

System limits

The Fedora project has done some performance testing on a repository with 1 million objects.


While it is diffucult to determine exactly what the real use will be, we have tested the Fedora-based Slocum Puzzles webapp with 50 simultaneous users making continuous requests. The server slowed down, but was still giving response pages within a reasonable amount of time (<5 seconds). The bottleneck seemed to be the speed at which the purlResolver app could serve images out of Fedora. With improvements to this system (possibly copying the thumbnails to a static location), we should be able to increase the performance.

NSDL setup

(from Representing Contextualized Information in the NSDL)


The Kowari-based resource index requires over 54 GB of virtual memory.

Purging a repository

(from the Fedora mailing list)
The best way to purge all objects from a Fedora repository is to reset the
repository. Here are the steps: