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prosetopprose

Prose

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front
front

Front

See the Front Matter page for more detailed information.

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body
body

Body

Prose includes novels, shorts stories, essays, etc.

The body will generally take the following structure (with a few exceptions):

Panel
  • body
    • div type="chapter"
      • any of the below tags needed to encode the text
    • div
  • body

There are several main tags that we use to mark up the structural elements of prose.

They indicate:

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chaptersdivchapters
div

...

Divisions

Chapters are designated using divs, marked with an ID. The ID is formulated by ADD. The <div> tag encloses a chapter. Chapter titles (headings) are indicated using a <head> tag. Page breaks come within the chapter <div>. Chapters are the sections of a text directly below books, generally speaking.

...

<div>
    <pb n="1"/>
    <head>MY FLIRTATIONS
    CHAPTER I</head>
    <p>
    <hi rend="sc">THE</hi> first one -- the very first one? Well, I almost think it was a sallow, undersized Italian with handsome
    ox-eyes, who used to give us violin lessons; or else it was a cousin, a boy with sandy hair, who stammered, and who was reading
    for the army; but, no, I rather think it was the anxious young doctor, who came when I had the measles-anyhow,
        <pb n="2"/>
    he, the primeval one, is lost in the mists of antiquity. . . .
    </p>
</div>

...

Headings

Headings include the titles of lists, chapters, sections, etc. in a work. Most commonly, you will use them for chapters, lists and sections when marking prose. <head> tags can only come at the beginning of a <div>, <figure> or <list>. A <head> cannot come in the middle of a <div>. If you are going to mark <head>s in the text, you must start a new <div>, <figure> or <list>. Therefore, a head indicates a new section of the text. Page breaks can (and should) come before <head> tags, but paragraphs and other tags cannot. There can be more than one head tag following the <div>.

Divisions

The chapter or division title, including markers such as Chapter II or Section III.

...

Divisions are often indicated by a chapter, section, etc. of a book. Nest as many divisions as necessary to properly represent the structure of the text (e.g., chapters, sections, etc.). Be sure to maintain consistency among the levels of division within the body (e.g., all chapters occur as first-level divisions, section as second-level, etc.).

Code Block

<div type="chapter">
  <head>1. Chapter Title</head>
  <p>Chapter prose ...</p>
     <div type="section">
       <head>1.1 Chapter Section Title</head>
       <p>Chapter section prose ...</p> 
     </div>
</div>

All division tags will have a type attribute. The value of the type attribute will be one of following:

  • chapter
  • section
  • lecture
  • letter
  • essay
  • story (used to demarcate short stories)
  • book
  • pamphlet
  • notes
  • dedication

If none of these value correctly describe the section of text you are encoding, document the nature of the division in the VWWP Encoding Problems page.

Code Block
xml
xml
<div type=chapter>
    <pb n="4"/>

    <head>CHAPTER II</head>

    <head>THE SEPARATION</head>

Lists

The title of the list.

...

<list>
    <head>Groceries</head>
    <item>Apples</item>
    <item>Milk</item>
    <item>Bread</item>
</list>

Figures

The caption title of the image, either below or above.

<figure> <head> &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot; </head> <figDesc> Page 108 contains the image the full page image titled, &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot; This figure includes three mounts with a valley in the foreground. </figDesc> </figure>
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head
head

Headings

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about headings.

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par
par

Paragraphs

Paragraphs are marked with a <p> tag. Paragraphs can be marked virtually anywhere in the text to mark a prose block. Paragraphs include <pb/> (page breaks), lists and tables. Paragraphs are extremely versatile and are used in a wide variety of text encoding situations. Generally speaking, if something is written as a paragraph, it can be marked as such. <div> tags cannot come within paragraphs, but <list> tags, <figure> tags, <pb/> tags, <note> tags, and many others can come within <p> tags. So, for For instance, if a paragraph is broken up by a blank page and an image, as shown below, you do not need to close the paragraph to include these features. This allows you to maintain bibliographic accuracy.

...

faithfully represent the text.

Code Block
xml
xml
<p>With a strong, fair wind our sail was set; the creak and swish
  of the oars was exchanged for the low music of the river as it
  parted under our prow; and the deep water (from fifty to a
  hundred feet), of a striking bottle-green colour, was unbroken
  by a swirl or ripple, and slid past in a grand, full volume.
  The stillness was profound, enlivened only as some big junk
  with lowered mast glided past us at great speed, the fifty or
  sixty

    <pb n="107"/>

    <note resp="BM" type="bibliographic">
      Page 107 is a blank verso.
    </note>

    <pb n="108"/>

    <figure>
        <head><p>
          &quot;"Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot;"
        </head>p>
        <figDesc>
          Page 108 contains the image titled, &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot; This figure includes three mounts with a valley in the foreground.
        </figDesc>
    </figure>

    <pb n="109"/>

  men at the sweeps raising a wild chant in keeping with the
  scene. Scuds of snow, wild, white clouds whirling round
  pinnacles, and desolate snow-clothed mountains, apparently
  blocking further progress, added to the enchantment.
</p>

...

Figures, Pictures and Images

Because most of the texts in VWW will not include images, you need to mark figures, charts, images and other matter within the text so that the reader understands where they fall in the text and what they look like. All of these things are marked using the same tag, <figure>. A figure will include to sub-elements, <figDesc>, or figure description, and <head>. The <head> and <figDesc> tags can be listed in any order. In other words, <head> can come before or after <figDesc>. The figure <head> contains the title caption listed in the text. If there is no caption, you do not use the <head> tag. The <figDesc> is the element used to denote a summary of the image and what is featured in it. Remember, this tag will be used to indicate to the reader what the image looks like and how it appears bibliographically. Be as detailed and specific as possible, without writing too much.

<pb n="108"/> <figure> <head>
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floating
floating

Floating Texts

Often in prose texts you may encounter an "embedded" or floating text in the form of a letter, poem, journal entry, song, etc. Floating texts such as these have a complete structure that interrupts the flow of the main text that require the use of the <floatingText> tag. For example, letters and journal entries (see detailed description below have an opener and body; letters usually have closers, and a poem may be quoted in its entirety, with a title, epigraph, etc.

Floating texts are contained within a division of text (see example below) and may have one of the following division types (e.g., <div type="letter">):

  • article (e.g., journal or newspaper article)
  • letter
  • poem
  • journal
  • song

If you encounter another genre, do not assign a "type" attribute. Please document this in the VWWP Encoding Problems page for review and later designation.

  • Chapter with a letter
Code Block

<div type="chapter">
             &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot;
 <pb xml:id="VAA2383_126" n="118"/>
  </head>     <figDesc>      Page 108 contains the<head>CHAPTER imageXIV</head>
titled, &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot; This figure includes three mounts with a valley in the foreground. <head>MAURICE LEVY'S CONSTITUTION</head>
 </figDesc> </figure>  <pb n="109"/>
Code Block
xmlxml
<div type="frontis">
    <figure>            <p>"<said who="#maurice"><hi rend="b">L</hi>O, SAM!</said>" said Maurice cautiously. 
        <figDesc>A photograph of Tibetan Lamas in ceremonial, religious masks and costumes. They are holding various instruments and religious"<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>"</p>
            paraphernalia.</figDesc>    <p>Penrod at that instant had <head><hi rend="sc">TIBETAN LAMAS MASKED FOR A RELIGIOUS DANCE.</hi></head>a singular experiencean intellectual shock like a flash 
   </figure> </div> 
Code Block
xmlxml
<figure>     <figDesc>       Printer's device. A shieldof coveredfire in crossesthe andbrain. surroundedSitting byin ivydarkness, a great light flooded him with thewild words &quot;propter hoc, ergo post hoc&quot; across the top.brilliance. He   
        </figDesc> </figure> 

Prose

...

Lists

Lists are ordered, itemized information. They can have headings, <head>, but need not have headings. They can come within paragraphs,<p>, and divisions, <div>, but need not. Lists can include many types of information, including images and charts, <figure>, and financial information. Lists can also come within lists. So for instance, sublists in a larger list can be marked. This is done by putting the list, figure or other tag within the list <item>.

You can also number the items in a list and indicate whether or not they are bulleted, numbered, or otherwise marked. This is done by giving the <list> a type="" attribute. Bulleted lists are <list type="bulleted">, numbered lists are <list type="ordered">, and lists that are not marked are given the attribute <list type="simple">. You can number the items in lists that are given type="ordered" by using the n="" attribute, or number equals. This looks like <item n="3">.

Lists are marked with the <list> tag. Each individual item in a list is marked with an <item> tag within the <list> tag. Lists can have headers, which are marked using <head>. There can only be <head> tags at the beginning of lists.

For glossaries and list of definitions.

Tip
titleQuick Reference, List Type:

*ordered: numbered or lettered list.
*bulleted: list with bulletin points.
*simple: list that does not have numbers or other indicators to show items.
*gloss: list made of labeled terms followed by glosses or definitions.

Code Block
xmlxml
<list type="simple">     <item>Clean Bathroom</item>    gasped!</p>
    <item>Wash Dishes</item>     <item>Vacuum</item> </list> 
Code Block
xmlxml
<list type="bulleted">   <!--Text removed <item>Mistake, line two, page 41</item>from example-->        <item>Mistake
line three, page 54</item> </list> 
Code Block
xmlxml
<list type="ordered">     <head>Groceries</head>     <item<p>"<said nwho="1">Apples</item>
    <item n="2">Milk</item>#maurice">What you doin'?</said>" asked Maurice for the third time, 
   <item n="3">Bread         <list>       Sam Williams not having decided upon <item n="3.1">Whole Grain</item>a reply.</p>
            <item     <pb xml:id="VAA2383_127" n="3.2119">Italian</item>>
        </list>     </item>
</list>
Code Block
xmlxml
<list type="ordered">   <p>It was Penrod who answered.</p>
          <head>CONTENTS</head>      <p>"<said who="#penrod">Drinkin' lickrish <item>CHAPTER PAGE</item>
        <item>I. Geographical And Introductory . . . . 1</item>water</said>," he said simply, and wiped his mouth with such delicious enjoyment 
             <item>II. <q type="soCalled">&quot;The Model Settlement&quot;</q> . . .that .Sam's .jaded 15</item>thirst was instantly stimulated. He took the bottle eagerly <item>from IIIPenrod.</p>
Hangchow . . . . . . . 29</item>     </list>

...

Lists of Definitions and Terms, Glossaries

Glossaries and other lists that have a term followed by a definition are considered special types of lists, type="gloss", in TEI. These lists are labeled with the <list type="gloss"> tag. They can then be followed by a <head> tag, but need not be. The <label> tag is used to determine the term or phrase being glossed in the definition. The <item> tag is then used to denote the definition.

Code Block
xmlxml
<list type="gloss">
    <label>TEI</label>   <p>"<said who="#penrod">A-a-h!</said>" exclaimed Penrod, 
      <item>The Text Encoding Initiative. This Group produce the TEI guidelines for encoding texts in humanitiessmacking scholarship.</item>
    <label>VWW</label>his lips. "<said who="#penrod">That was a good un!</said>"</p>
    <item>The Victorian Women Writers Project. One of the earliest examples of a digital library. House at Indiana University, it contains a<!--Text removed from example-->
           substantial number of texts written by<p>Penrod womenuttered insome themuffled 18thwords and Early-19th Century.</item>
</list>

Back to Lists.

...

Tables

Tables are text displayed in tabular form. In other words, text displayed in columns and rows. Tables are marked with the <table> tag. This tag is given the elements rows= and cols=, in order to specify how many rows and columns are in the table. Tables can have a <head>, but need not.

Each row in the table is marked with a <row> tag, given the attribute role=. This attribute delineates how a row functions within the table. You can have to values for attribute role=, label and data. Label indicates that the row contains information about the values in each column. Data indicates that the row contains data in each column (the actual values).

Within the <row> tag, there are <cell> tags. These tags indicate the specific units within the table. There should be as many cells as there are columns in the table. The rows are in order, but cells are used to indicate columns, rather than a separate <col> tag. The text from the table is placed within the <cell>.

Tables can come inside of paragraphs, lists and many other units.

Tip
titleQuick Reference, Table Attributes

*rows: rows="", the number of rows in a table. Goes inside <table>.
*cols: cols="", the number of columns in a table. Goes inside <table>.
*role: role="", can be label or data. Goes inside <row>.

Code Block
xmlxml
<table rows="3" cols="3">
    <head>Grades</head>
    <row role="label">then waved both armseither in response or as an   
                <cell>Student Name</cell>   expression of his condition of mind; <cell>Attendance</cell>it may have been a gesture of despair. How <cell>Grade</cell>much intention 
  </row>     <row role="data">         <cell>George Elliot</cell>  there was in this actobviously so rash, <cell>100%</cell>considering the position he occupiedit is impossible to 
<cell>A</cell>     </row>     <row role="data">         <cell>Frances Trollope</cell>
        <cell>90%</cell>say. Undeniably there must remain a suspicion of deliberate purpose.</p>
        <cell>B</cell>     </row> </table> 
Code Block
xmlxml
<p>The yearly funding <!--Text removed from thisexample-->
grant is clearly set forth:     <table rows="4" cols="5"       <pb xml:id="VAA2383_138" n="130"/>
        <row role="label">       <p>The damsel curtsied again and handed <cell>Department</cell>him the following communication, 
        <cell>Purchase</cell>             <cell>Amount</cell>addressed to herself: </p>
            <cell>Percent</cell>    <floatingText>
        <cell>Year</cell>         </row>   <body>
     <row role="data                   <div type="letter">
            <cell>Library</cell>             <cell>Text Books</cell>  <p>Dear madam Please excuse me from dancing the cotilo with you
<cell>$10,000</cell>             <cell>10%</cell>             <cell>2009</cell>      this afternoon as I have fell off the barn.</row>p>
        <row role="data">             <cell>English</cell>      <closer>
      <cell>Computers</cell>             <cell>$30,000</cell>             <cell>30%<<salute>Sincerly yours</cell>salute>
            <cell>2010</cell>         </row>         <row role <signed><hi rend="datasc">
>Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>
           <cell>Computer Science</cell>             <cell>Lab</cell>   </closer>
            <cell>$40,000</cell>             <cell>40%<</cell>div>
            <cell>2009</cell>        </body>
                </row>floatingText>
            </table>
Only about 10% goes to libraries.</p>
div>
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notes
notes

Notes

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about encoding notes (footnote, endnotes, etc.).

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fig
fig

Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

Anchor
list
list

Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

Anchor
table
table

Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

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quotes
quotes

Quotes

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. External quotes are quotes that come from outside The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes that are from occur inside the text : (e.g., character speeches or thoughts , or notes written by characters, or terms used in the book) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

External
Internal

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external
external

Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the guidelines. The <cit> tag denotes the citation as a unit, and the <quote> and <bibl> tags denote smaller portions of the larger unit. official TEI P5 guidelines. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

Sometimes, citations will occur within the text. In that case, you still use the <cit> tag and mark the quote as you normally would. You must remember, however, that all of the words within the <cit> must be within either a <bibl> or a <quote> tag. You do not need both <quote> and <bibl>, but you do need at least one.

Code Block
xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>
        <l>Except that they had ever met.</l>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l>
        <l>Choose not alone a proper mate,</l>
        <l>But proper time to marry!</l>
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Cowper,</author>
        <title level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        &quot;"To be or not to be?&quot;"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>
          says,
        </bibl>
       <quote>&quot;"it takes two to make an accident,&quot;"</quote>
    </cit>
  one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>

Quotes

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internal
internal

Quotes that are Internal to the Text: Thought, Speech, Writing

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the <q> element. For instance, dialogue or notes written from one character to another would be indicated using this element. Quotations that are external to the text are marked using a different tag. For example, you would not mark a quote from Plato, the Bible or any other external source using the <q> tag. The <q> tag will generally come inside of a set of <p> tags, since most dialogue is denoted within the text by setting it apart as a separate paragraph. Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes. The type attribute is used with <q> to indicate the nature of the quote. Acceptable values for the type attribute, in this case, are spoken, thought, emph, distinct, mentioned, term, foreign, soCalled and written.

The attribute type values thought, spoken and written are precisely as they seem. They indicate that a quote is thought, written or spoken by a character in the text.

The emph, foreign, distinct, mentioned, term and soCalled values indicate that a quote is linguistically set a part. For instance, emph is used to denote special emphases placed on a word via quotation marks. The foreign tag indicates that quotation marks were used because the word is in a foreign language. The distinct tag signifies that the quote is in quotation marks because to set it apart from the rest of the text due to some linguistic peculiarity, slang, for instance, or regional dialect. Mentioned is used to indicate that the writer is talking about the word itself rather than using the word. For instance, talking about the part of speech of the word "canary." Term indicates that the word was put in quotation marks because it is a discipline or subject specific term. For instance, if the author uses quotations to demarcate medical terminology, then the term type would be indicated. Finally, soCalled is used to indicate scare quotes. If the author removes him or herself from the word via quotation marks, then you mark the term as "soCalled."

...

titleQuick Reference, Quote Type

...

various TEI elements.

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

  • <said>: Use to indicate passages thought or spoken aloud
    • When <said> is used, the who attribute is required. To facilitate the use of the who attribute, be sure you first record the
      person in the TEI Header following the instructions under the prosopography section. This will generate a pick list for the who attribute (to minimize errors and ensure consistency).
  • <q> is used when someone is being quoted, but it's not an actual <said>. The use of <q> is kinda mushy, but here's a good example:
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>When, for instance, <persName ref="#maurice">Mr Maurice</persName> tells us that 
<q who="#maurice">'the end of education itself is, as it has always been considered, to 
form a nation of liv- ing, orderly men,'</q> the definition will be accepted, with the 
tacit reservation that it applies only to men, in the exclusive sense of the word, and 
has nothing to do with the education of women.</p>
  • <foreign>: A word or phrase is in quotation marks, italisized or set apart in some way because it not the predominant language used in the text.
    • Attempt to identify the language using the "xml:lang" attribute and a two-letter (as opposed to the three-letter) code according to the ISO 639 standard. See example below.
  • <distinct>: A word or phrase is in quotes or set apart in some way because it is linguistically distinct such as slang or regional dialect.

Anything else that appears in quotes but is neither <quote>, <said>, <foreign> or <distinct> does not need to be differentiated in the markup.

Retain the quotation marks printed in the text. Tags should surround the quotation marks when present.

Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes.

Code Block
xml
xml
<p>Aggie
said<p>Henry blustered,
    <q"<said typewho="spoken">&quot;She&apos;s a Trollope.&quot;</q>#henry">I know you</said>.
        <quote>'Thou Shalt Not Kill.'</quote>"
</p>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>Aggie
thought,<p>I had four days of <q type="thought">&quot;How long have I been here?&quot;</q>
</p>
<distinct>"hanging on."</distinct>
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>
<said who="#jack"><foreign xml:lang="fr">C'est la vie</foreign></said>, said Jack.
</p>
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letters
letters

Letters

Letters commonly appear within prose texts and should be encoded as <floatingText> with <div type="letter">.

  • Use <opener> if the letter contains a dateline, salutation or other opening content.
    • Use <salute>, <dateline>, etc. when present
  • Use <closer> if letter has closing content like signature, dateline, etc.
    • Use <signed> if name appears in the closing
  • Use <postscript> to encode P.S. content
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
<floatingText>
  <body>
<q    <div type="writtenletter">&quot;Anna said,

                <byline>OFFICE OF TREASURER OF STATE, INDIANA
       <q type="spoken">&apos;See you at noon,&apos;</q>          INDIANAPOLIS, November 27, 1858. </byline>
    &quot;</q> read the note.</p>

<p>Henry blustered,
    <q type="spoken">&quot;I know you.          <opener>
                    <salute>Hon. A. A. Hammond, President of the Senate of
           <quote>&apos;Thou Shalt Not Kill.&apos;</quote>     &quot;</q> 
Code Block
xmlxml
<q type="term">&quot;Wind Box,&quot;</q>
Code Block
xmlxml
<p>Abaft this were three small cabins, with windows   Indianapolis:</salute>
            <q type="soCalled">&quot;glazed&quot;</q>    </opener>
  with paper, and a passage down the port side from the stern   <p>In answer to a resolution of your honorable body concerning the
  bow, on which I cannot say they     <q type="soCalled">&quot;opened,&quot;</q>
  for they were open
  (!), and a partial privacy was only obtained by making a
  partition with a curtain.
Code Block
xmlxml
I had four days of
    <q type="distinct">&quot;hanging on.&quot;</q>
Code Block
xmlxml
<q type="mentioned">&quot;six thousand&quot;</q>
  read
    <q type="mentioned">&quot;8875.&quot;</q>
</p>

Prose

...

Closers

Closers are most commonly seen at the ends of letters, but they also appear at the end of prefaces, pamphlets and other works. They include the closing salutation, such as "sincerely," the author's name, and sometimes information about the date of publication or the place. Closers are grouped inside the <closer> tag, which can contains <salute>, <signed>, or <dateline>.

<salute> is used to indicate the closing salutation, such as "sincerely" at the end of a letter.

<signed> is used to mark the signature of the document's author.

<dateline> marks any information about the text's creation, such as the date, place or publisher.

Code Block
xmlxml
<closer>
    <salute>
      Sincerely,
           condition of the "school fund" during the present and past years,
                    I beg leave to submit that
                    <pb xml:id="VAA8558-01-056" n="48"/>
                    the report of the Auditor of State to the Legislature, which
                    will be before you in a day or two, contains all
                    the information you desire on that subject; and the previously
                    submitted reports of this officer to the Governor and the Legislature
                    contain the history of his fund during the time specified in the
                    resolution.</p>
                
                <closer>
                    <salute>Very respectfully,</salute>
    <signed>       Anita Loos        <salute>Your obedient servant,</signed>salute>
    <dateline>       New York, 1925       <signed>AQUILLA JONES, Treas. of State.</dateline>
signed>
                </closer>
Code Block
xmlxml
<closer>     <signed rend="sc">       BARBARA LEIGH SMITH BODICHON.<postscript>
                    <label>P.S.</signed>label> 
   <dateline>       J. BALE, Printer, 78, Great Titchfield-street, Marylebone, W.    <p>The reports also contain information on the school corporations' 
                    voting history.</p>
                </dateline>
postscript>
            </closer>
div>
 </body>
</floatingText>
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Anchor
closers
closers

Closers

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about letter closers.

Anchor
pb
pb

Page Breaks

For more information on how to encode page breaks see the page break section of the general guidelines.

Anchor
back
back

Back Matter

See the Back Matter page for more detailed information.

Anchor
problems
problems

Problems

If a part of the prose text that you are trying to encode does not fit one of the above described features, document the problem in the VWWP Encoding Problems page.

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