Versions Compared

Key

  • This line was added.
  • This line was removed.
  • Formatting was changed.
Comment: Migration of unmigrated content due to installation of a new plugin

Anchor
top
top

Warning
titlePending
  • Use of said would require the who attribute and personagraphy.

Panel
bgColor#eeeeee
Anchor
front
front

...

  • chapter
  • section
  • lecture
  • letter
  • essay
  • story (used to demarcate short stories)
  • book
  • pamphlet
  • notes
  • dedication

...

Paragraphs are marked with a <p> tag. Paragraphs can be marked virtually anywhere in the text to mark a prose block. Paragraphs include <pb/> (page breaks), lists and tables. Paragraphs are extremely versatile and are used in a wide variety of text encoding situations. Generally speaking, if something is written as a paragraph, it can be marked as such. <div> tags cannot come within paragraphs, but <list> tags, <figure> tags, <pb/> tags, <note> tags, and many others can come within <p> tags. For instance, if a paragraph is broken up by a blank page and an image, as shown below, you do not need to close the paragraph to include these features. This allows you to faithfully represent the text.

Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
  Another feature was boats large and small, and junks, some
  laboriously tracked or rowed like my own, when the wind failed,
  against the powerful stream, or descending, keeping the
  necessary steerage headway by crowds of standing men on the low
  deck, facing forwards, vigorously working great sweeps or
  yulows, five or ten at each, the gorge echoing all along its
  length to the rise and fall of the wild chants to which the
  rowers keep time and which are only endurable when softened by
  distance. After some hours of this region of magic and mystery,
  near sunset we emerged into open water, with broken picturesque
  shores, and at dusk tied up in a pebbly bay with glorious views
  of mountain and woodland, not far from the beautiful village of
  Nan-to, and the &quot;needle&quot; or &quot;pillar&quot; of heaven, well known
  to the dwellers in Ichang. The Ichang gorge is about twelve
  miles long; the Niu-kan, grander yet, about three; the Mitan
  about three and a half; the Wushan about twenty; and the
  Feng-hsiang, or &quot;Wind Box,&quot; the last of the great gorges,
  about four. These are the great gorges.
</p>
Code Block
xmlxml
<p>With a strong, fair wind our sail was set; the creak and swish
  of the oars was exchanged for the low music of the river as it
  parted under our prow; and the deep water (from fifty to a
  hundred feet), of a striking bottle-green colour, was unbroken
  by a swirl or ripple, and slid past in a grand, full volume.
  The stillness was profound, enlivened only as some big junk
  with lowered mast glided past us at great speed, the fifty or
  sixty

    <pb n="107"/>

    <pb n="108"/>

    <figure>
        <p>
          &quot;"Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot;"
        </p>
    </figure>

    <pb n="109"/>

  men at the sweeps raising a wild chant in keeping with the
  scene. Scuds of snow, wild, white clouds whirling round
  pinnacles, and desolate snow-clothed mountains, apparently
  blocking further progress, added to the enchantment.
</p>

...

Often in prose texts you may encounter an "embedded" or floating text in the form of a letter, poem, journal entry, song, etc. Floating texts such as these have a complete structure that interrupts the flow of the main text that require the use of the <floatingText> tag. For example, letters and journal entries (see detailed description below have an opener and body; letters usually have closers, and a poem may be quoted in its entirety, with a title, epigraph, etc. In the case where a verse from a poem is excerpted, it is not necessary to represent the verse as a floating text.

Floating texts are contained within a division of text (see example below) and may have one of the following division types (e.g., <div type="letter">):

  • article (e.g., journal or newspaper article)
  • letter
  • poem
  • journal
  • song

If you encounter another genre, do not assign a "type" attribute. Please document this in the VWWP Encoding Problems page for review and later designation.

  • Chapter with a letter
Code Block
<div type="chapter">
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_126" n="118"/>
     <head type="main">CHAPTER           <head>CHAPTER XIV</head>
     <head type="subtitle">MAURICE           <head>MAURICE LEVY'S CONSTITUTION</head>
       <p><hi rend="font-weight: bold"         <p>"<said who="#maurice"><hi rend="b">L</hi>O, SAM!</said>" said Maurice cautiously. "What 
                    "<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>"</p>
                <p>Penrod at that instant had a singular experiencean intellectual shock like a flash 
                    of fire in the brain. Sitting in darkness, a great light flooded him with wild brilliance. He   
                    gasped!</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->        
                <p>"What <said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>" asked Maurice for the third time, 
                    Sam Williams not having decided upon a reply.</p>
           reply.</p>
     <pb xml:id="VAA2383_127" n="119"/>
                <p>It was Penrod who answered.</p>
       <p>"Drinkin         <p>"<said who="#penrod">Drinkin' lickrish waterwater</said>," he said simply, and wiped his mouth with such delicious enjoyment 
                    that Sam's jaded thirst was instantly stimulated. He took the bottle eagerly from Penrod.</p>
       <p>"A         <p>"<said who="#penrod">A-a-h!</said>" exclaimed Penrod, 
                    smacking his lips. "That <said who="#penrod">That was a good un!</said>"</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->
                <p>Penrod uttered some muffled words and then waved both armseither in response or as an   
                    expression of his condition of mind; it may have been a gesture of despair. How much intention 
                    there was in this actobviously so rash, considering the position he occupiedit is impossible to 
                    say. Undeniably there must remain a suspicion of deliberate purpose.</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_138" n="130"/>
                <p>The damsel curtsied again and handed him the following communication, 
                    addressed to herself: </p>
                <floatingText>
                    <body>
                        <div type="letter">
                            <p>Dear madam Please excuse me from dancing the cotilo with you
                                this afternoon as I have fell off the barn.</p>
                            <closer>
                                <salute>Sincerly yours</salute>
                                <signed><hi rend="font-variant: small-capssc">Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>
                            </closer>
                        </div>
                    </body>
                </floatingText>
            </div>
Wiki Markup
{align:right}
[Return to top|#top]
[Return to General Guidelines|VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines]
{align}

...

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes occur inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts or notes written by characters) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

...

Code Block
xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        &quot;"To be or not to be?&quot;"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>
          says,
        </bibl>
       <quote>&quot;"it takes two to make an accident,&quot;"</quote>
    </cit>
  one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>

...

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the various TEI elements. For instance, dialogue or notes written from one character to another would be indicated using this <q> element. The <q> tag will generally come inside of a set of <p> tags, since most dialogue is denoted within the text by setting it apart as a separate paragraph. Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes.Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

  • <said>: Use to indicate passages thought or spoken aloud
    • When <said> is used, the who attribute is required. To facilitate the use of the who attribute, be sure you first record the
      person in the TEI Header following the instructions under the prosopography section. This will generate a pick list for the who attribute (to minimize errors and ensure consistency).
  • <q> is used when someone is being quoted, but it's not an actual <said>. The use of <q> is kinda mushy, but here's a good example:
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>When, for instance, <persName ref="#maurice">Mr Maurice</persName> tells us that 
<q who="#maurice">'the end of education itself is, as it has always been considered, to 
form a nation of liv- ing, orderly men,'</q> the definition will be accepted, with the 
tacit reservation that it applies only to men, in the exclusive sense of the word, and 
has nothing to do with the education of women.</p>
  • <foreign>: A word or phrase is in quotation marks, italisized or set apart in some way because it not the predominant language used in the text.
    • Attempt to identify the language using the "xml:lang" attribute and a two-letter (as opposed to the three-letter) code according to the ISO 639 standard. See example below.
  • <distinct>: A word or phrase is in quotes or set apart in some way because it is linguistically distinct such as slang or regional dialect.

Characters engaged in speech such as a dialogue should retain the quotations marks, but not use specialized tags to represnt spoken textAnything else that appears in quotes but is neither <quote>, <said>, <foreign> or <distinct> does not need to be differentiated in the markup.

Retain the quotation marks printed in the text. Tags should surround the quotation marks when present.

Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes.

Code Block
xml
xml
<p>Henry blustered,
    "I <said who="#henry">I know youyou</said>.
        <quote>'Thou Shalt Not Kill.'</quote>"
</p>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>I had four days of <distinct>"hanging on."</distinct>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
<foreign <said who="#jack"><foreign xml:lang="fr">C'est la vie</foreign>foreign></said>, said Jack.
</p>
Wiki Markup
{align:right}[Return to top|#top]
[Return to General Guidelines|VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines]
{align}

...

  • Use <opener> if the letter contains a dateline, salutation or other opening content.
    • Use <salute>, <dateline>, etc. when present
  • Use <closer> if letter has closing content like signature, dateline, etc.
    • Use <signed> if name appears in the closing
  • Use <postscript> to encode P.S. content
Code Block
xml
xml
<floatingText>
  <body>
    <div type="letter">
                <byline>OFFICE OF TREASURER OF STATE, INDIANA
                    INDIANAPOLIS, November 27, 1858. </byline>
                <opener>
                    <salute>Hon. A. A. Hammond, President of the Senate of
                        Indianapolis:</salute>
                </opener>
                <p>In answer to a resolution of your honorable body concerning the
                    condition of the "school fund" during the present and past years,
                    I beg leave to submit that
                    <pb xml:id="VAA8558-01-056" n="48"/>
                    the report of the Auditor of State to the Legislature, which
                    will be before you in a day or two, contains all
                    the information you dasiredesire on that subject; and the previously
                    submitted reports of this officer to the Governor and the Legislature
                    contain the history of his fund during the time specified in the
                    resolution.</p>
                
                <closer>
                    <salute>Very respectfully,</salute>
                    <salute>Your obedient servant,</salute>
                    <signed>AQUILLA JONES, Treas. of State.</signed>
                </closer>
                <postscript>
                    <label>P.S.</label> 
                    <p>The reports also contain information on the school corporations' 
                    voting history.</p>
                </postscript>
            </div>
 </body>
</floatingText>

...