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titlePending
  • Said added; need to add the use of @who once Angela sends me the info.

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front
front

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  • chapter
  • section
  • lecture
  • letter
  • essay
  • story (used to demarcate short stories)
  • book
  • pamphlet
  • notes
  • dedication

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Floating texts are contained within a division of text (see example below) and may have one of the following division types (e.g., <div type="letter">):

  • article (e.g., journal or newspaper article)
  • letter
  • poem
  • journal
  • song

If you encounter another genre, do not assign a "type" attribute. Please document this in the VWWP Encoding Problems page for review and later designation.

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Code Block
<div type="chapter">
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_126" n="118"/>
                <head>CHAPTER XIV</head>
                <head>MAURICE LEVY'S CONSTITUTION</head>
       <p><hi         <p>"<said who="#maurice"><hi rend="b">L</hi>O, SAM!</said>" said Maurice cautiously. 
 "What                   "<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>"</p>
       <p>Penrod at that instant had a     <p>Penrod at that instant had a singular experiencean intellectual shock like a flash 
                    of fire in the brain. Sitting in darkness, a great light flooded him with wild brilliance. He   
                    gasped!</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->        
       <p>"What you doin'?" asked Maurice for the third time, Sam <p>"<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>" asked Maurice for the third time, 
                    Sam Williams not having decided upon a reply.</p>
            reply.</p>    <pb xml:id="VAA2383_127" n="119"/>
       <p>It  was Penrod who answered     <p>It was Penrod who answered.</p>
                <p>"Drinkin"<said who="#penrod">Drinkin' lickrish waterwater</said>," he said simply, and wiped his mouth with such delicious enjoyment 
                    that Sam's jaded thirst was instantly stimulated. He took the bottle eagerly from Penrod.</p>
                <p>"A"<said who="#penrod">A-a-h!</said>" exclaimed Penrod, smacking
his lips. "That                   smacking his lips. "<said who="#penrod">That was a good un!</said>"</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->
                <p>Penrod uttered some muffled words and then waved both armseither in response or as an   
                    expression of his condition of mind; it may have been a gesture of despair. How much intention 
       there              there was in this actobviously so rash, considering the position he occupiedit is impossible to 
                    say. Undeniably there must remain a suspicion of deliberate purpose.</p>
                <!--Text removed from example-->
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_138" n="130"/>
                <p>The damsel curtsied again and handed him the following communication, 
       addressed to herself: </p>     <floatingText>     addressed to herself: </p>
 <body>             <div type="letter"> <floatingText>
               <p>Dear madam Please excuse me from<body>
dancing the cotilo with you                     this afternoon as I have fell off the barn.</p><div type="letter">
                        <closer>    <p>Dear madam Please excuse me from dancing the cotilo with you
      <salute>Sincerly yours</salute>                     <signed><hi rend="sc">Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>   this afternoon as I have fell off the barn.</p>
                 </closer>           <closer>
   </div>         </body>     </floatingText> </div> 
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Notes

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about encoding notes (footnote, endnotes, etc.).

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Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

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Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

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Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

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Quotes

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes occur inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts or notes written by characters) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

External
Internal

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Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the official TEI P5 guidelines. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

Code Block
xmlxml
<cit>
    <quote>
        <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>
        <l>Except that they had ever met.</l>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l>
        <l>Choose not alone a proper mate,</l>
        <l>But proper time to marry!</l>
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Cowper,</author>
        <title level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xmlxml
<cit>
    <quote>
        "To be or not to be?"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
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xmlxml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>  <salute>Sincerly yours</salute>
                                <signed><hi rend="sc">Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>
                            </closer>
                        </div>
                    </body>
                </floatingText>
            </div>
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notes
notes

Notes

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about encoding notes (footnote, endnotes, etc.).

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fig
fig

Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

Anchor
list
list

Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

Anchor
table
table

Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

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quotes
quotes

Quotes

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes occur inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts or notes written by characters) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

External
Internal

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external
external

Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the official TEI P5 guidelines. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

Code Block
xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>
        <l>Except that they had ever met.</l>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l>
        <l>Choose not alone a proper mate,</l>
        <l>But proper time to marry!</l>
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Cowper,</author>
        <title level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        "To be or not to be?"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
Code Block
xml
xml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>
          says,
        </bibl>
       <quote>"it takes two to make an accident,"</quote>
    </cit>
  one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>
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internal
internal

Quotes that are Internal to the Text: Thought, Speech, Writing

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the various TEI elements.

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

  • <said>: Use to indicate passages thought or spoken aloud
    • When <said> is used, the who attribute is required. To facilitate the use of the who attribute, be sure you first record the
      person in the TEI Header following the instructions under the prosopography section. This will generate a pick list for the who attribute (to minimize errors and ensure consistency).
  • <q> is used when someone is being quoted, but it's not an actual <said>. The use of <q> is kinda mushy, but here's a good example:
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>When, for instance, <persName ref="#maurice">Mr Maurice</persName> tells us that 
<q who="#maurice">'the end of education itself is, as it has always been considered, to 
form a nation of liv- ing, orderly men,'</q> the definition will be accepted, with the 
tacit reservation that it applies only to men, in the exclusive sense of the word, and 
has nothing to do with the education of women.</p>
  • <foreign>: A word or phrase is in quotation marks, italisized or set apart in some way because it not the predominant language used in the text.
    • Attempt to identify the language using the "xml:lang" attribute and a two-letter (as opposed to the three-letter) code according to the ISO 639 standard. See example below.
  • <distinct>: A word or phrase is in quotes or set apart in some way because it is linguistically distinct such as slang or regional dialect.

Anything else that appears in quotes but is neither <quote>, <said>, <foreign> or <distinct> does not need to be differentiated in the markup.

Retain the quotation marks printed in the text. Tags should surround the quotation marks when present.

Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes.

Code Block
xml
xml

<p>Henry blustered,
    "<said who="#henry">I know you</said>.
        <quote>'Thou Shalt Not Kill.'</quote>"
</p>
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>I had four days of <distinct>"hanging on."</distinct>
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>
<said who="#jack"><foreign xml:lang="fr">C'est la vie</foreign></said>, said Jack.
</p>
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letters
letters

Letters

Letters commonly appear within prose texts and should be encoded as <floatingText> with <div type="letter">.

  • Use <opener> if the letter contains a dateline, salutation or other opening content.
    • Use <salute>, <dateline>, etc. when present
  • Use <closer> if letter has closing content like signature, dateline, etc.
    • Use <signed> if name appears in the closing
  • Use <postscript> to encode P.S. content
Code Block
xml
xml

<floatingText>
  <body>
    <div type="letter">
                <byline>OFFICE OF TREASURER OF STATE, INDIANA
               says,     INDIANAPOLIS, November 27, 1858. </bibl>byline>
       <quote>"it takes two to make an accident,"</quote>   <opener>
 </cit>   one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>
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Quotes that are Internal to the Text: Thought, Speech, Writing

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the various TEI elements.

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

  • <said>: Use to indicate passages thought or spoken aloud
    • @who info needs to added
  • <foreign>: A word or phrase is in quotation marks, italisized or set apart in some way because it not the predominant language used in the text.
    • Attempt to identify the language using the "xml:lang" attribute and a two-letter (as opposed to the three-letter) code according to the ISO 639 standard. See example below.
  • <distinct>: A word or phrase is in quotes or set apart in some way because it is linguistically distinct such as slang or regional dialect.
  • <q>: Use the more generic <q> tag for quotations that are not defined as <said>, <distinct> or <foreign>.

Retain the quotation marks printed in the text. Tags should surround the quotation marks when present.

Quotes can come within quotes, such as when one speaker quotes someone else. If there is an external quote inside an internal quote, for instance, a character quotes the bible, the correct tags will be used to delineate between the two distinct types of quotes.

Code Block
xmlxml

<p>Henry blustered,
    "I know you. <salute>Hon. A. A. Hammond, President of the Senate of
                        Indianapolis:</salute>
                </opener>
                <p>In answer to a resolution of your honorable body concerning the
                    condition of the "school fund" during the present and past years,
                    I beg leave to submit that
                    <pb xml:id="VAA8558-01-056" n="48"/>
                    the report of the Auditor of State to the Legislature, which
                    will be before you in a day or two, contains all
                    the information you desire on that subject; and the previously
                  <quote>'Thou Shalt Not Kill.'</quote>"
</p>
Code Block
xmlxml

<p>I had four days of <distinct>"hanging on."</distinct>
Code Block
xmlxml

<p>
<foreign xml:lang="fr">C'est la vie</foreign>, said Jack.
</p>
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Letters

Letters commonly appear within prose texts and should be encoded as <floatingText> with <div type="letter">.

  • Use <opener> if the letter contains a dateline, salutation or other opening content.
    • Use <salute>, <dateline>, etc. when present
  • Use <closer> if letter has closing content like signature, dateline, etc.
    • Use <signed> if name appears in the closing
Code Block
xmlxml

<floatingText>
  <body>
    <div type="letter">
    <byline>OFFICE OF TREASURER OF STATE, INDIANA
submitted reports of this officer to the Governor and the Legislature
                    contain the history of his fund during the time specified in the
                    resolution.</p>
           INDIANAPOLIS, November 27, 1858. </byline> 
   <opener>       <salute>Hon. A. A. Hammond, President of the<closer>
Senate of               Indianapolis:</salute>    <salute>Very respectfully,</opener>salute>
      <p>In answer to a resolution of your honorable body concerning the    <salute>Your obedient servant,</salute>
 condition of the "school fund" during the present and past years,        I beg<signed>AQUILLA leaveJONES, toTreas. submit thatof State.</signed>
       <pb xml:id="VAA8558-01-056" n="48"/>       </closer>
the report of the Auditor of State to the Legislature, which      <postscript>
 will be before you in a day or two, contains all        the information you dasire on that subject; and the previously <label>P.S.</label> 
              submitted reports of this officer to the<p>The Governorreports andalso thecontain Legislatureinformation on the school corporations' 
  contain the history of his fund during the time specified in the       voting resolutionhistory.</p>
    <closer>      <salute>Very respectfully,</salute>      <salute>Your obedient servant,</salute>
 postscript>
   <signed>AQUILLA JONES, Treas. of State.</signed>    </closer>    </div>
 </body>
</floatingText>

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