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  • Said added; need to add the use of @who once Angela sends me the info.

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There are several main tags that we use to mark up the structural elements of prose.

They indicate:

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  • chapter
  • section
  • lecture
  • letter
  • essay
  • story (used to demarcate short stories)
  • book
  • pamphlet
  • notes
  • dedication

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Often in prose texts you may encounter an "embedded" or floating text in the form of a letter, poem, journal entry, song, etc. Floating texts such as these have a complete structure that interrupts the flow of the main text that require the use of the <floatingText> tag. For example, letters and journal entries (PRJKT:see detailed description below have an opener and body; letters usually have closers, and a poem may be quoted in its entirety, with a title, epigraph, etc.

Floating texts are contained within a division of text (see example below) and may have one of the following division types (e.g., <div type="letter">):

  • article (e.g., journal or newspaper article)
  • letter
  • poem
  • journal
  • song

If you encounter another genre, do not assign a "type" attribute. Please document this in the VWWP Encoding Problems page for review and later designation.

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Code Block
<div type="chapter">
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_126" n="118"/>
                <head>CHAPTER XIV</head>
     <head>MAURICE LEVY'S CONSTITUTION</head>        <p><hi  <head>MAURICE LEVY'S CONSTITUTION</head>
                <p>"<said who="#maurice"><hi rend="b">L</hi>O, SAM!</said>" said Maurice cautiously. "What
you doin'?"</p>        <p>Penrod at that instant had a singular experiencean intellectual shock like a flash 
  "<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>"</p>
    of fire in the brain. Sitting in darkness, a great light flooded him<p>Penrod withat wildthat brilliance.instant Hehad a singular experiencean intellectual shock like a flash 
 gasped!</p>    <!--Text removed from example-->            of fire in the <p>"What you doin'?" asked Maurice for the third time, Sam Williams not having decided upon a  brain. Sitting in darkness, a great light flooded him with wild brilliance. He   
       reply.</p> <pb xml:id="VAA2383_127" n="119"/>        <p>It was Penrod who answered. gasped!</p>
       <p>"Drinkin' lickrish water," he said simply, and wiped his mouth with such delicious enjoyment <!--Text removed from example-->        
      that Sam's jaded thirst was instantly stimulated. He took the bottle eagerly from Penrod.</p>
       <p>"A-a-h!" exclaimed Penrod, smacking his lips. "That was a good un!"</p>
   <!--Text removed from example-->
       <p>Penrod uttered some muffled words and then waved both armseither in response or as an   
       expression of his condition of mind; it may have been a gesture of despair. How much intention<p>"<said who="#maurice">What you doin'?</said>" asked Maurice for the third time, 
                    Sam Williams not having decided upon a reply.</p>
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_127" n="119"/>
                <p>It was Penrod who answered.</p>
           there was in this actobviously so rash, considering the position he occupiedit is impossible to 
       say. Undeniably there must remain a suspicion of deliberate purpose.</p>
   <!--Text removed from example-->
<pb xml:id="VAA2383_138" n="130"/>
       <p>The damsel curtsied again and handed him the following communication,<p>"<said who="#penrod">Drinkin' lickrish water</said>," he said simply, and wiped his mouth with such delicious enjoyment 
                    that Sam's jaded thirst was instantly stimulated. He took the bottle eagerly from Penrod.</p>
           addressed to herself: </p>  <p>"<said who="#penrod">A-a-h!</said>" exclaimed Penrod, 
<floatingText>          <body>          smacking his lips. <div"<said typewho="letter#penrod">>That was a good un!</said>"</p>
             <p>Dear madam Please excuse me<!--Text removed from dancingexample-->
the cotilo with you             <p>Penrod uttered some muffled words and then waved thisboth afternoonarmseither asin Iresponse haveor fellas offan the barn.</p> 
               <closer>     expression of his condition of mind; it may have been a gesture of despair. How much <salute>Sincerlyintention yours</salute>
                    <signed><hi rend="sc">Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>
         there was in this actobviously so rash, considering the position he occupiedit is impossible to 
     </closer>               </div>say. Undeniably there must remain a suspicion of deliberate purpose.</body>p>
     </floatingText> </div> 
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Notes

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about encoding notes (footnote, endnotes, etc.).

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Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

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Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

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Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

<!--Text removed from example-->
                <pb xml:id="VAA2383_138" n="130"/>
                <p>The damsel curtsied again and handed him the following communication, 
                    addressed to herself: </p>
                <floatingText>
                    <body>
                        <div type="letter">
                            <p>Dear madam Please excuse me from dancing the cotilo with you
                                this afternoon as I have fell off the barn.</p>
                            <closer>
                                <salute>Sincerly yours</salute>
                                <signed><hi rend="sc">Penrod Schofield.</hi></signed>
                            </closer>
                        </div>
                    </body>
                </floatingText>
            </div>
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notes
notes

Notes

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about encoding notes (footnote, endnotes, etc.).

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fig
fig

Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

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list
list

Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

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table
table

Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

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quotes
quotes

Quotes

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes occur inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts or notes written by characters) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

External
Internal

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Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the official TEI P5 guidelines. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

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quotesquotes

Quotes

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks, which will be retained in the text. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal. The quote element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book. Internal quotes are quotes occur inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts or notes written by characters) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

PRJKT:External
PRJKT:Internal

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external
external

Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the official TEI P5 guidelines. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

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xml
<cit>
    <quote>
        <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>
        <l>Except that they had ever met.</l>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l>
        <l>Choose not alone a proper mate,</l>
        <l>But proper time to marry!</l>
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Cowper,</author>
        <title level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
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xml
xml
<cit>
    <quote>
         <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>"To be or not to be?"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
   <l>Except that they had ever met.<author>Shakespeare,</l>author>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l><title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
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xml
xml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <l>Choose<bibl>
not alone a proper mate,</l>        <author>Fitzgerald</author>
<l>But proper time to marry!</l>     </quote> says,
   <bibl>     </bibl>
   <author>Cowper,</author>    <quote>"it takes two to make <titlean level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>accident,"</quote>
    </bibl>
</cit>
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xmlxml
<cit>  one wonders to <quote>which of these women he is referring.
  "To be or not to be?"
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>
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xmlxml
<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>
          says,
        </bibl>
       <quote>"it takes two to make an accident,"</quote>
    </cit>
  one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>
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Quotes that are Internal to the Text: Thought, Speech, Writing

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the various TEI elements.

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

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</p>
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internal
internal

Quotes that are Internal to the Text: Thought, Speech, Writing

Quotations in the text that indicate speech, thought, writing, etc. by one or more characters is marked by the various TEI elements.

Specialized tags are provided to indicate the various types of internal quotations, but for this project we will only use a subset of the possible tags:

  • <said>: Use to indicate passages thought or spoken aloud
    • When <said> is used, the who attribute is required. To facilitate the use of the who attribute, be sure you first record the
      person in the TEI Header following the instructions under the prosopography section. This will generate a pick list for the who attribute (to minimize errors and ensure consistency).
  • <q> is used when someone is being quoted, but it's not an actual <said>. The use of <q> is kinda mushy, but here's a good example:
Code Block
xml
xml

<p>When, for instance, <persName ref="#maurice">Mr Maurice</persName> tells us that 
<q who="#maurice">'the end of education itself is, as it has always been considered, to 
form a nation of liv- ing, orderly men,'</q> the definition will be accepted, with the 
tacit reservation that it applies only to men, in the exclusive sense of the word, and 
has nothing to do with the education of women.</p>
  • <foreign>: A word or phrase is in quotation marks, italisized or set apart in some way because it not the predominant language used in the text.
    • Attempt to identify the language using the "xml:lang" attribute and a two-letter (as opposed to the three-letter) code according to the ISO 639 standard. See example below.
  • <distinct>: A word or phrase is in quotes or set apart in some way because it is linguistically distinct such as slang or regional dialect.<q>: Use the more generic <q> tag for quotations that are not defined as <said>, <distinct> or <foreign>

Anything else that appears in quotes but is neither <quote>, <said>, <foreign> or <distinct> does not need to be differentiated in the markup.

Retain the quotation marks printed in the text. Tags should surround the quotation marks when present.

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Code Block
xml
xml
<p>Henry blustered,
    "I<said who="#henry">I know youyou</said>.
        <quote>'Thou Shalt Not Kill.'</quote>"
</p>
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xml
xml
<p>I had four days of <distinct>"hanging on."</distinct>
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xml
xml
<p>
<foreign<said who="#jack"><foreign xml:lang="fr">C'est la vie</foreign></foreign>said>, said Jack.
</p>
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