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Prose

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front

Front

For how to deal with the front matter see the Front Matter page.

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body

Body

Prose includes novels, shorts stories, essays, etc.

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h4. *Paragraphs*

Paragraphs are marked with a <p> tag. Paragraphs can be marked virtually anywhere in the text to mark a prose block. Paragraphs include <pb/> (page breaks), lists and tables. Paragraphs are extremely versatile and are used in a wide variety of text encoding situations. Generally speaking, if something is written as a paragraph, it can be marked as such. <div> tags cannot come within paragraphs, but <list> tags, <figure> tags, <pb/> tags, <note> tags, and many others can come within <p> tags. So, for instance, if a paragraph is broken up by a blank page and an image, as shown below, you do not need to close the paragraph to include these features. This allows you to maintain bibliographic accuracy.
{code:xml}<p>
  Another feature was boats large and small, and junks, some
  laboriously tracked or rowed like my own, when the wind failed,
  against the powerful stream, or descending, keeping the
  necessary steerage headway by crowds of standing men on the low
  deck, facing forwards, vigorously working great sweeps or
  yulows, five or ten at each, the gorge echoing all along its
  length to the rise and fall of the wild chants to which the
  rowers keep time and which are only endurable when softened by
  distance. After some hours of this region of magic and mystery,
  near sunset we emerged into open water, with broken picturesque
  shores, and at dusk tied up in a pebbly bay with glorious views
  of mountain and woodland, not far from the beautiful village of
  Nan-to, and the <q type="term">&quot;needle&quot;</q> or <q type="term">&quot;pillar&quot;</q> of heaven, well known
  to the dwellers in Ichang. The Ichang gorge is about twelve
  miles long; the Niu-kan, grander yet, about three; the Mitan
  about three and a half; the Wushan about twenty; and the
  Feng-hsiang, or <q type="term">&quot;Wind Box,&quot;</q> the last of the great gorges,
  about four. These are the great gorges.
</p>
{code}
{code:xml}<p>With a strong, fair wind our sail was set; the creak and swish
  of the oars was exchanged for the low music of the river as it
  parted under our prow; and the deep water (from fifty to a
  hundred feet), of a striking bottle-green colour, was unbroken
  by a swirl or ripple, and slid past in a grand, full volume.
  The stillness was profound, enlivened only as some big junk
  with lowered mast glided past us at great speed, the fifty or
  sixty

    <pb n="107"/>

    <note resp="BM" type="bibliographic">
      Page 107 is a blank verso.
    </note>

    <pb n="108"/>

    <figure>
        <figDesc>
          &quot;Entrance to Ichang Gorge.&quot;
        </figDesc>
    </figure>

    <pb n="109"/>

  men at the sweeps raising a wild chant in keeping with the
  scene. Scuds of snow, wild, white clouds whirling round
  pinnacles, and desolate snow-clothed mountains, apparently
  blocking further progress, added to the enchantment.
</p>
{code}
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figfig
:fig}

h4. *Photographs, Graphics, and other Images

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*

See [VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines|VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines#fig] for more information about photographs, graphics and other images.

Lists

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about lists.

Tables

See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about tables.

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h4. *Lists*

See [VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines|VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines#li] for more information about lists.

h4. *Tables*

See [VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines|VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines#table] for more information about tables.

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h4. *Quotes*

Quotes are denoted by quotation marks. Only text that comes within quotation marks will be marked as a quotation for the purposes of encoding. There are two types of quotes: quotes that are external to the text and quotes that are internal.  The [quote|http://www.tei-c.org/release/doc/tei-p5-doc/en/html/ref-quote.html] element is used for passages that are external to the text, like a reference to a study or another book.\[Internal quotes are quotes that are from inside the text (e.g., character speeches or thoughts, notes written by characters, or terms used in the book) and have various TEI elements to represent them.

[External|#external]
[Internal|#internal]

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externalexternal

Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the guidelines. The <cit> tag denotes the citation as a unit, and the <quote> and <bibl> tags denote smaller portions of the larger unit. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

Sometimes, citations will occur within the text. In that case, you still use the <cit> tag and mark the quote as you normally would. You must remember, however, that all of the words within the <cit> must be within either a <bibl> or a <quote> tag. You do not need both <quote> and <bibl>, but you do need at least one.

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:external}

h5. _Quotes that are External to the Text: Outside Sources and Other References_

Quotes that come from outside the text are marked by first using a <cit> tag, to denote an external citation. Within the <cit> tag there are two smaller parts, <quote> and <bibl>. <quote> encompasses the body of the quote, or actual quoted text. The <bibl> tag encompasses any bibliographic reference given that identifies the source of the text, such as a title or author. For a more comprehensive discussion of the <bibl> tag, please see the <bibl> section of the guidelines. The <cit> tag denotes the citation as a unit, and the <quote> and <bibl> tags denote smaller portions of the larger unit. Quotes can also be marked with other tags, for instance, inside the <quote> tag, you can have an <l> tag to denote a line of poetry.

Sometimes, citations will occur within the text. In that case, you still use the <cit> tag and mark the quote as you normally would. You must remember, however, that all of the words within the <cit> must be within either a <bibl> or a <quote> tag. You do not need both <quote> and <bibl>, but you do need at least one.
{code:xml}<cit>
    <quote>
        <l>Parted without the least regret,</l>
        <l>Except that they had ever met.</l>
        <l>* * * *</l>
        <l>Misses, the tale that I relate,</l>
        <l>This lesson seems to carry:</l>
        <l>Choose not alone a proper mate,</l>
        <l>But proper time to marry!</l>
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Cowper,</author>
        <title level="a">Pairing Time anticipated</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>

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{code}
{code:xml}<cit>
    <quote>
        &quot;To be or not to be?&quot;
    </quote>
    <bibl>
        <author>Shakespeare,</author>
        <title level="a">Hamlet</title>
    </bibl>
</cit>

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{code}
{code:xml}<p>
  There are three main female characters in The Great Gatsby, Myrtle Wilson, Jordan Baker and Daisy Buchanan. When
    <cit>
        <bibl>
            <author>Fitzgerald</author>
          says,
        </bibl>
       <quote>&quot;it takes two to make an accident,&quot;</quote>
    </cit>
  one wonders to which of these women he is referring.
</p>

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internal

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See VWWP TEI P5 Encoding Guidelines for more information about closers.

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back
back

Back Matter

For how to encode the back matter of the text, see the back matter section.

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